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huang bai 黃柏, huang bo 黄檗

(also pronounce as huang bo)

by: Joe Hing Kwok Chu

Click here to see picture of herb. 按此看圖。

Pharmaceutical name:

英文藥名:

Cortex Phellodendri

Biological name:

拉丁學名:

Phellodendron amurense Rupr. or

Phellodendron chinense Schneid.

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音:

obaku

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音:

kwangbaek

Pron. in Cantonese:

粤語發音:

wong4 baak3

Common Name:

英文名:

amur cork-tree bark

Distribution:

分佈:

Liaoning, Jilin, Hebei (P. amurense), Sichuan, Guizhou, Hubei, Yunnan (P. chinense)

Properties (characteristics):

性味﹕

bitter, cold

味苦,性寒

Channels (meridians) entered:

歸經﹕

 

腎﹐膀胱經

kidney﹐ bladder

Actions & Indications:

功用﹕

  1. Rid of damp-heat , especially in the xia jiao (lower burner), as in vaginal bacterial infection or yeast infection, bacterial infection of the bowel,and infectious jaundice, wet and smelly groin area;

  2. For hot leg qi with swollen knees, legs and feet;

  3. spermatorrhea;

  4. night sweating﹔

  5. boils and sores﹔

 

  1. 濕熱﹐  特別是下 焦 之感染﹐如﹕陰 道黴菌(帶下)細 菌感染大 腸之細 菌感染﹐細菌性黃疸﹐陰部潮 濕腥臭等

  2. 腳氣﹕腳﹐腿﹐膝部水腫﹔

  3. 遺精﹔

  4. 盜汗﹔

  5. 瘡瘍腫毒﹔

 

Medical Function:

藥理﹕

(1) antibiotic: it can inhibit Staphylococcus aureaus, pnumococcus, Shigella dysenteriae

(2) lower blood pressure

(3) anti Trichomoniasis

(4) lower blood sugar

 

(1)抗菌,能直接抑制金黃色葡萄球菌﹐

肺炎球菌﹐痢疾桿菌;

(2)降血壓

(3)抗陰道滴蟲;

(4)降血糖。 

Chemical ingredients:

化學成份﹕

 樹皮含 (bark contains)﹕

  1. 小孽 鹼 (berberine),

  2. 根鹼(jatrorrhizine),

  3. 木蘭花碱(magnoflorine),

  4. 黄柏鹼 (phellodendrine),

  5. n-甲基大麦芽碱(candicine),

  6. 棕櫚鹼(palmatine),

  7. 蝠葛任鹼(menisperine),.

  8.  黄 柏内酯(obaculactone),

  9. 黃 蘗 酮(obacunone),

  10. 黃 蘗 酮(obacunonic acid).

  11. 白鲜交酯 (dictamnolide),

  12. 青螢光酸 (lumicaeruliec acid)﹐

  13. 7-脱氢豆甾醇(7-dehydrostigmasterol)﹐

  14. β-谷甾醇 (β-sitosterol)﹐

  15. 菜油甾醇 (campesterol),

  16. 青螢光酸 (lumicaeruleic acid),

  17. 白鮮交酯(dictamnolide)。

  18. 木材也含(wood contains:)

  19. 小孽 鹼 (berberine)。

 

新鮮葉( leaves contian:)

  1. 含黄柏甙 (phellamurin)﹐

  2. 脱氢黄柏甙 (amurensin)﹐

  3. 異黄柏甙 (phellavin)。

 

乾燥葉含(dried leaves contain:)

  1. 金絲桃甙 (hyperosid),

  2. 不含黄 柏甙 (do not contain phellamurin)。

Dosage:

每日用量﹕

3 to 12 g

Samples of formulae:

zhi bai di huang wan,

long dan xie gan tang, zhi xie tang for diarrhea due to acute bacterial infection

Modern Research:

to be loaded.

Cautions:

Do not use in cases of spleen deficient, weak digestion, lack of appetite. Use caution when there is no real heat.

胃弱食少 ﹐脾 虛泄瀉者忌服。無實熱者 慎用。

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Last update: Sept 22, 2013; 4 p.m. LAH